Below is a plan of Charenton, the setting of Peter Weiss’s Marat/Sade, as it was in 1836. Since the site was apparently redesigned in 1845, it seems likely that this plan represents the hospital as it was known to the historical de Sade and Coulmier.
I have also translated the key to the diagram, to make it clearer (and show how many ‘bathhouses’ there were). My French isn’t fantastic, so I’m sure some of this is inaccurate, and the major problem is the attempt to render Nineteenth century French terms for madness into idiomatic English for the Twenty-first. I’ve tried to get some sense of what these terms imply, but have provided the original in square brackets afterwards, so that people better at French than I am can come to their own conclusions, and tell me in the comments.
Many thanks to @miss_sobriety on twitter for bouncing ideas around about possible translations.
Plan of the house at Charenton [Charenton Hospital]
1. Main Gate
2. Porter’s lodge
3, 3, 3. Front courtyard.
3’. Passage from front courtyard to courtyard 10.
4’. Parlour above store rooms.
4. Four story building. On the ground floor, store rooms: on the first, a large hall, occupied by placid madwomen [aliénées tranquilles]: on the second, the director’s rooms, and a lounge for convalescents of both sexes: on the third, the bursar’s offices and some employees’ lodgings: the top floor is taken up with the big clock.
5. Four story building. On the ground floor, store rooms: on the first, the kitchens: on the second, the offices of the director, and those of the treasurer, and a room for the head doctor: on the third, the bursar’s lodgings (with a view of the gardens): on the fourth floor, lodgings for the employees.
6. Gallery which runs under the eaves of the third floor, connecting the director’s apartment to the dining room.
7. Stairs to the chapel.
8. Enclosed courtyard for the women, leading to garden 18.
9. Stairs by which one descends to courtyard 10.
10. Courtyard for madwomen who are scabrous, with a tendency to clamour [ordinairement agitées et galeuses].
11. Four story building. On the ground floor, a gallery which runs the whole length of the building, and onto which open the rooms occupied by agitated women: on the first floor, a corridor with rooms for women who are far out of their reason, yet calm [très déraisonnables, mais tranquilles].
12. On the first floor, a warm-room for agitated women: on the first floor, a warm-room which also serves as a work-room.
13. Courtyard for very disturbed women
13’. Courtyard related to the baths.
14. Isolation building for very disturbed women [très agitées].
15. Six dressing rooms [loges] and a gallery: above, a sick bay for suicidal patients [or attempted suicides – les suicides].
17. Dressing rooms [loges] for disturbed [agitées] women and a gallery overlooking the courtyard.
18. Garden for placid madwomen [aliénées tranquilles].
19. Four story building. On the ground floor, a large hall for lunatics [les aliénées]: on the first and second floors, lodgings for the medical inspector, the chaplain, the warder, and some residents: on the third, a sick bay which, due to the uneven ground, is no more than one floor above the terrace: on the fourth floor, under the roof, is the women’s laundry.
20. The director’s personal garden.
22. Courtyard of the new building for placid madwomen [aliénées tranquilles].
24. Three story building. On the ground floor, a dining room, a meeting and work room, a dormitory: on the first floor, dormitories and bedrooms: on the second, two large dormitories.
25. Three stories, the ground floor with a gallery, divided into bedrooms: the same on the two higher floors.
26. Bathhouse, with a semi-circular dormitory above.
28. Terraces and gardens.
29. Courtyard used to store wood.
30. Four story building. On the ground floor, offices: on the first, the chapel: on the second, the dining room: on the third, a sick bay for placid madmen [aliénés tranquilles]: on the fourth, a dormitory.
31. Kitchen courtyard, separated from the garden by a terraced wall.
32. Bridge leading from the third floor of building 5 into the garden.
32. Billiards room at the height of the small bridge 32.
33. Bath courtyard.
4. Four story building. On the ground floor, store rooms; on the first floor you find, at the same level as courtyard 33, a sick bay for lunatics, both those who are disturbed and those who are catatonic [les aliénés paralytiques et agitées]: on the second, a sick bay for those who are placid or only slightly disturbed [tranquilles ou peu agités]: on the third, rooms with one or two beds.
35 & 38. Buildings connected at right angles, with four stories. Along the middle of each floor, a corridor, on each side of which open rooms of one and two beds: heated meeting rooms.
37. Courtyard for maniacs/those in a frenzy [furieux].
39. Courtyard for those who are disturbed and incurable [agités et incurables].
41. Building containing the pump which provides water for the whole house.
42, 42, 42, 42. Courtyard and promenade.
43. One story building: On the ground floor, dressing rooms and a gallery: on the floor above, corridor and bedrooms.
44. Heater for the first floor.
45. Heater for the ground floor.
47. One story building. On the ground floor, the bakery: on the first floor, which is at the same level as the courtyard no. 42, three dressing rooms for the most disturbed lunatics [les aliénés les plus agités].
49. One story building. On the ground floor, the cowshed: on the first floor, a large sick bay.
50. One story building. On the ground floor, the pharmacy, and a room for four sick paupers who are not insane: on the first floor, the lodgings of the medical assistant, and the laundry.
51. Stairs connecting the medical assistant to the large sick bay .
52. Store rooms and workshops.
54. Autopsy room.
55. Gardener’s lodge.
56. Sloping path leading from the front courtyard, under building no. 49, to garden 57.
58. Lodgings for several employees.
59. A small pond.
P. Bridge crossing a branch of the Marne, leading to an island owned by the institution.
E. General sewer.
M. Isolated house belonging to the institution.
Figure 2 – New female quarters.
1. Gallery open to the country air.
2. Meeting room.
3. Two dormitories, each with a single row of beds.
6. Room, furnace and apparatus for the baths.
7. Round pathway.
8. Corridor, onto which open the bedroom doors.
10. Lounge and dining-room.
12. Lodgings for nurses, and passages.
In the middle of the courtyard, a fountain and a lamppost.
Source: Esquirol, Etienne. 1836. Des Maladies Mentales Considérées Sous Les Rapports Médical, Hygiénique Et Médico-légal, Volume 2, pp. 702-6.